shunt´er


shunt´er
shunt «shuhnt», verb, noun.
–v.t.
1. a) to switch (a train) from one track to another: »

The car was uncoupled from the rest of the train and shunted into a siding (London Times).

SYNONYM(S): deflection. b) to switch (anything) to another route or place: »

After the mixture…is ground, a small blower shunts the feed to the top of the crib (Wall Street Journal).

SYNONYM(S): deflection.
2. Figurative. a) to push aside or out of the way; sidetrack: »

My mind has been shunted off upon the track of other duties (James Russell Lowell).

b) to get rid of.
3. Electricity. to carry (a part of a current) by means of a shunt.
4. Medicine. to divert (blood) by using a shunt.
–v.i.
1. (of a train) to move from one line of rails to another.
2. to move out of the way; turn aside: »

Trucks shunt…unceasingly, the drivers…displaying something like wizardry in maneuvering them through perennial traffic jams (Bulletin of Atomic Scientists).

–n.
1. the act of turning aside; shift.
2. a railroad switch.
3. a wire or other conductor, joining two points in an electric circuit and forming a path through which a part of the current may pass; bypass. It is usually of relatively low resistance. Shunts are used to regulate the amount of current passing through the main circuit. »

However, by inserting a low resistance shunt in parallel with the pivoted coil…any galvanometer may be modified to serve as an ammeter or voltmeter (Sears and Zemansky).

4. Medicine. a) communication between blood vessels; anastomosis: »

Shunts…had previously been detected by having the patient breathe a mixture of the gas nitrous oxide and tracing its course through the circulatory system (Science News Letter).

b) an artificial pathway or connection formed to divert the blood from its normal channels: »

In the new use of this arteriovenous shunt for radiation treatment, the permanent tubes in the arm are simply connected to a length of plastic tubing that leads the blood beyond the body to the radiation source and back (New York Times).

5. U.S. Slang. a crash between cars in an automobile race.
[origin uncertain]
shunt´er, noun.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • shunt — [ ʃœ̃t ] n. m. • 1881; mot angl., de to shunt « dériver » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Électr. Résistance, placée en dérivation, généralement aux bornes d un appareil afin de modifier son calibre ou de le protéger. ⇒ court circuit, 1. dérivation. 2 ♦ Méd. Court …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shunt — 〈[ ʃʌ̣nt] m. 6〉 = Nebenwiderstand [<engl. shunt „Nebengleis, elektr. Nebenschluss“] * * * Shunt   [ʃʌnt; englisch, eigentlich »(Zusammen)stoß«] der, s/ s,    1) elektrische Messtechnik: Nebenschluss.    2) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Shunt — Shunt, n. [Cf. D. schuinte slant, slope, declivity. See {Shunt}, v. t.] 1. (Railroad) A turning off to a side or short track, that the principal track may be left free. [1913 Webster] 2. (Elec.) A conducting circuit joining two points in a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shunt — Shunt, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Shunted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Shunting}.] [Prov. E., to move from, to put off, fr. OE. shunten, schunten, schounten; cf. D. schuinte a slant, slope, Icel. skunda to hasten. Cf. {Shun}.] 1. To shun; to move from. [Obs. or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shunt — may refer to:* Shunt (medical), a hole or passage allowing fluid to move from one part of the body to another * Shunt (electrical), a device allowing electrical current to pass around a point in a circuit * Shunt (railway operations), the process …   Wikipedia

  • Shunt — [schạnt; aus engl. shunt = Nebenanschluß, Nebenleitung] m; [s], s: „Nebenschluß“: a)infolge angeborenen Defektes in der Herzscheidewand (vgl. Rechts links Shunt u. Links rechts Shunt) oder infolge falscher Einmündung der großen, herznahen… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • shunt — [shunt] vt., vi. [ME schunten < ? or akin to SHUN] 1. to move or turn to one side; turn aside or out of the way 2. to shift or switch, as a train, car, etc. from one track to another 3. Elec. to divert or be diverted by a shunt: said of a… …   English World dictionary

  • shunt — s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} 1. TS elettron. resistenza collegata in parallelo con un circuito elettrico allo scopo di diminuire l intensità della corrente che vi circola 2. TS elettr. → derivatore 3. TS edil. canna fumaria che raccoglie i… …   Dizionario italiano

  • Shunt — [ʃant] der; s, s <aus gleichbed. engl. shunt, eigtl. »(Zusammen)stoß«, zu to shunt, vgl. ↑shunten>: 1. parallel geschalteter Widerstand (Elektrot.). 2. a) infolge eines angeborenen Defekts bestehende Verbindung zwischen großem u. kleinem… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Shunt — Shunt, v. i. To go aside; to turn off. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English